French and Indian War 

Barr, Daniel P. “A Road for Warriors: The Western Delawares and the Seven Years’ War.” Pennsylvania History 73 (2006): 1-36.

___. “Victory at Kittaning? Reevaluating the Impact of Armstrong’s Raid on the Seven Years’ War in Pennsylvania.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 131 (2007): 5-32.

Camenzind, Krista. “From the Holy Experiment to the Paxton Boys: Violence, Manhood, and Race in Pennsylvania during the Seven Years’ War.” Ph.D. thesis, University of California, San Diego, 2003.

Campbell, Alexander V. “A Nursery for Soldiers to the Whole World: Colonel James Prevost and the Foreign Protestant Military Migration of the Mid-Eighteenth Century. ”

Pennsylvania Magazine of History and  Biography 129 (2005): 253-281.

Darlington, Mary C. ed.  History of Col. Henry Bouquet and the Western Frontiers of Pennsylvania, 1747-1764.   New York: Arno Press,  1971.

Davidson, Robert L. D. War Comes to Quaker Pennsylvania, 1682-1756. Philadelphia: Temple University Publications by Columbia University Press, 1957.

Denaci, Ruth Ann. “The Penn’s Creek Massacre and the Captivity of Marie LeRoy and Barbara Leininger.” Pennsylvania History 74 (2007): 307-332.

Dixon, David. “A High Wind Rising: George Washington, Fort Necessity, and the Ohio Country Indians.” Pennsylvania History 74 (2007): 333-353.

Edmunds, R. David. “Pickawillany: French Military Power versus British Economics.” Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine 58 (1975):  169-184.

Eustace, Nicole. “The Sentimental Paradox: Humanity and Violence on the Pennsylvania Frontier.William and Mary Quarterly 3d ser. 65 (2008): 29-64.

___. “Vehement Movements: Debates on Emotion, Self, and Society During the Seven Years’ War in Pennsylvania.” Explorations in Early American Culture 5 (2001): 79-117.

Foote, William A. “The Pennsylvania Men of the American Regiment.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography  87 (1963): 31-38.

French and Indian War Special Issue. Pennsylvania History 62, Summer 1995.

Hunter, William A. “Thomas Barton and the Forbes Expedition.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 95 (1971):  431-483.

Ingram, Daniel. “Anxious Hospitality: Indian “Loitering” at Fort Allen, 1756-1761.Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 133 (2009):  221-253.

Kent, Donald H. French Invasion of Western Pennsylvania, 1753. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1949.

Ketcham, Ralph L.  “Conscience, War, and Politics in Pennsylvania, 1755-1757.” William and  Mary Quarterly  3d ser. 20 (1963):  416-439.

Kopperman, Paul E. “The Medical Aspect of the Braddock and Forbes Expeditions.” Pennsylvania History 71 (2004): 257-283.

MacGregor, Doug. “The Shot Not Hear Around the World: Trent’s Fort and the Opening of the War for Empire.” Pennsylvania History 74 (2007):  354-373.

Marietta, Jack D. “Conscience, the Quaker Community, and the French and Indian War.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 95 (1971): 3-27.

Merrell, James H. “I desire All That I Have Said…May Be Taken Down Aright: Revisiting Teedyuscung’s 1756 Treaty Council Speeches.William and Mary Quarterly 3d ser  63 (2006): 777-826.

Myers, James P. Jr. “Controversy and Plagiarism on the Pennsylvania Frontier.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History  and Biography 119 (1995):  225-248.

___. “Mapping Pennsylvania’s Western Frontier in 1756.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and  Biography 123 (1999):  3-29.

___. “Pennsylvania’s Awakening: The Kittaning Raid of 1756.” Pennsylvania History 66 (1999):  399-420.

___. “The Fall of Fort Granville, The French Letter, and Gallic Wit on the Pennsylvania Frontier, 1756.” Pittsburgh History 79 (1996): 154-159.

___. “The New Way to the Forks of the Ohio: Reflections on John Potts’s Map of 1758.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 122 (1998):  385-410.

Preston, David L. “Make Indians of Our White Men: British Soldiers and Indian Warriors from Braddock’s to Forbes’s Campaign.”  Pennsylvania History 74 (2007): 279-306.

Rogers, Alan. “Impressment in Western Pennsylvania, 1754-1758.” Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine 52 (1969): 255-262. 

Silver, Peter. Our Savage Neighbors:  How Indian War Transformed Early America. New York: Norton, 2008.

Stotz, Charles Morse. “Forbes Conquers the Wilderness: A Modern Odyssey.”  Western

Pennsylvania Historical Magazine 67 (1984): 309-322. 

Waddell, Louis M. and Bruce D. Bomberger. The French and Indian War in Pennsylvania, 1753-1763: Fortification and Struggle during the War for Empire. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1996.

Wagoner, Shirley A. “Captain Jack: Man or Myth?” Pennsylvania History 46 (1979): 99-118.

Ward, Matthew C, “An Army of Servants: The Pennsylvania Regiment During the Severn Years’ War.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History  and  Biography 119 (1995): 75-93.

Windhauser, John D. “Quaker Pacifism and the Image of Isaac Norris II.” Pennsylvania History 34 (1967): 346-360. 

York, Neil L. “Pennsylvania Rifle: Revolutionary Weapon in a Conventional War?” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 10 (1979:  302-342.

Zimmerman, John J. “Governor Denny and the Quartering Act of 1756.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 91 (1967): 266-281.

 Warfare Post-French and Indian War; Pontiac’s War

 Cutcliffe, Stephen. “Sideling Hill Affair: The Cumberland County Riots of 1765.”  Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine  59  (1976): 39-54.

Daudelin, Don. “Numbers and Tactics at Bushy Run.” Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine 68 (1985): 153-179.

Dixon, David.  Never Come to Peace Again: Pontiac’s Uprising and the Fate of the British Empire in North America. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2005.

Dowd, Gregory Evans. War under Heaven: Pontiac, the Indian Nations and the British Empire . Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.

Middleton, Richard. Pontiac’s War: Its Causes, Course, and Consequences. New York: Routledge, 2007.

Nester, William R. “Haughty Conquerors”: Amherst and the Great Indian Uprising of 1763. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2000

Parkman, Francis.  The Conspiracy of Pontiac. Boston:  Little, Brown, 1851.

Peckham, Howard H.  Pontiac and the Indian Uprising. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1947.

Ranlet, Philip J. “The British, the Indians, and Smallpox: What Actually Happened at Fort Pitt in 1763?”  Pennsylvania History 67 (2000):  427-441.

Ridner, Judith.  A Town In-Between:  Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and the Early Mid-Atlantic Interior.  2010. http://www.upenn./edupennpress/book/14745.html

Russell, Marvin F. “Thomas Barton and Pennsylvania’s Colonial Frontier.” Pennsylvania History 46 (1979): 313-334

Campbell, William J. “An Adverse Patron: Land, Trade, and George Croghan.”  Pennsylvania History 76 (2009): 117-140.

Spero, Patrick. “Recreating James Smith at the Pennsylvania State Archives.” Pennsylvania History 76 (2009): 474-483.

Ward, Matthew C. “Redeeming the Captives:  Pennsylvania Captives Among the Ohio Indians.”  Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 125 (2001): 161-189.

Webster, Eleanor.  “Insurrection at Fort Loudon in 1765:  Rebellion or Preservation of Peace?,”  Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine 47 (1964), 5-39

Paxton Boys

Cavioli, Franks J. “A Profile of the Paxton Boys: Murderers of the Conestoga Indians.” Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 87 (1983):  74-96.

Crowley, James E. “The Paxton Disturbance and Ideas of Order in Pennsylvania Politics.” Pennsylvania History 37 (1970): 317-339.

Franz, George W. Paxton: A Study of Community Structure and Mobility in the Colonial Pennsylvania Backcountry. New York: Garland, 1989.

Kenny, Kevin. Peaceable Kingdom Lost: The Paxton Boys and the Destruction of William Penn’s Holy Experiment. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Kozuchanich, Nathan.  “Who Ever Proclaimed War With Part of a Nation, and Not With the Whole? The Paxton Riots and Perceptions of Civil Society in Pennsylvania,”  Journal of Scotch-Irish Studies, 2 (Fall 2004), 45-63

Martin, James Kirby. “The Return of the Paxton Boys and the Historical State of the Pennsylvania

Frontier, 1764-1774.”  Pennsylvania History 38 (1971):  117-133.

Olson, Alison Gilbert.  “The Pamphlet War over the Paxton Boys.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 123 (1999):  31-55. 

Schock, Edwin Thomas Jr. “The ‘Cloven Foot’ Rediscovered: The Historiography of the Conestoga Massacre Through Three Centuries of Scholarship.”  Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 96 (1994): 99-112.

Sloan, David.  A Time of Sifting and of Winnowing: The Paxton Boys Riot and Quaker Non-Violence in Pennsylvania.” Quaker History 66 (1977):  3-22. 

Vaughan, Alden T. “Frontier Banditti and the Indians: The Paxton Boys’ Legacy, 1763-1775.” Pennsylvania History 51 (1984):  1-29.


Terry Bouton  Taming Democracy:  “The People,” the Founders, and the Troubled Ending of the American Revolution.  Oxford University Press 2007

Patrick Griffin  American Leviathan:  Empire, Nation and Revolutionary Frontier.  Hill and Wang a Division of Farrar, Straus and Giroux.  New York, NY.  2007

William Pencak and Daniel Richter, eds. Friends and Enemies in Penn’s Wood (Penn State Press, 2004).
James Merrell, Into the American Woods: Negotiators on the Pennsylvania Frontier
(Norton, 1999).

Ed White  The Backcountry and the City:  Colonization and Conflict in Early America (Minneapolis, MN, 2005)

Greg Dowd, War under Heaven, 204-11. 

David Preston, Texture of Contact (new book with local history of area recommended by Patrick Spero)

Judith Ridner, “Relying on the ‘Saucy’ Men of the Backcountry:  Middlemen and the Fur Trade in Pennsylvania,”  Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 129 (2005), 133 – 162. [It talks about searching traders’ pack horses for weapons for Indians to kill Scotch-Irish.]

Karen Ramsburg Smith Rebellion Gives Rise to Modern Politics.  iUniverse. Bloomington, IN. 2011

PENNSYLVANIAN CONSTITUTIONALISM” — currently available on line Ohio State Univ. PH.D. thesis.

Patrick Spero, “From Contested Land to Commonwealth: The Transformation of Pennsylvania, 1730-1800”  00 currently Univ. of Pennsyslvania Ph.D. Thesis.

A film — ALLEGHENY UPRISING, with John Wayne, is a good account of the Mercersburg episode.